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Glossary K

Kepler’s Laws [more]
  1. The planets move in ellipses around the sun.
  2. A line joining a planet/comet and the Sun sweeps out
    equal areas in equal intervals of time
  3. The squares of the periods of the planets are proportional to the
    cubes of the planets mean distance from the sun
Kelvin
A The SI unit of temperature, it is a the temp, it is the fraction
1/273.16 of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point of water.
The triple point of water is the temperature at which water exits in all
three states – solid, liquid and gas. Named after Lord Kelvin
Kaon
There are two charged Meson K
and K+ and a neutral meson Ko in the K Meson
family, these particles are collectively called kaons. They were
the first particles to contain strange quarks.
Kuiper Belt
Is a disk-shaped region past the orbit
of Neptune roughly 30 to 100 AU from the Sun containing many small
icy bodies. The astronomer Gerard Kuiper suggested that it could
be the source of the short-period comets. [more]
K-capture
Absorption of a K shell electron by a proton as it is converted to a neutron.
Discovered by Hans Bethe and Luis Walter Alvarez.
Kirlian photography
Is where an object on a photographic
plate is subjected to a high-voltage electric field, an image
is created on the plate. The image looks like a colored halo or
coronal discharge.1939, Discovered by accident in 1939 by Semyon
Kirlian. Also called electrophotography.
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